1983 GM Denning DenAir Mono (Build #955, Fleet #4)

An Australian designed and built coach that could hold its own against imported rivals

GM Denning DenAir Mono Bus, 1983 version, at Antique Centre of Victoria, Lancefield VIC, Photo taken February 2019

(Click on photos to enlarge) - Images free to share and distribute but please acknowledge driverclassics.com.au

About This GM Denning

Our GM Denning DenAir Mono was purchased new by Driver Bus Lines in 1983, as fleet #4, and remained in service until 2008, making it one of the longest serving vehicles Driver Bus Lines has operated. It performed its varying duties with the utmost reliability.

GM Denning DenAir Mono Bus, 1983 model, Lancefield VIC, original livery. Photo taken August 1983 at Middle Park VIctoria.
1983 GM Denning DenAir Mono, Driver #4, highlighting its original livery with white rear pillars, Middle Park VIC, August 1983
GM Denning DenAir Mono Bus, crossing river at Flinders Ranges SA. Photo taken in July 1989 by Klaus Winand.
1983 GM Denning DenAir Mono #4, Flinders Ranges SA, July 1989 (Klaus Winand photo)
GM Denning DenAir Mono Bus, 1983 model, at Mt Hotham VIC. Photo taken in early 1990s by Klaus Winand.
1983 GM Denning DenAir Mono #4, Mt Hotham VIC, circa early 90s (Klaus Winand photo)
GM Denning DenAir Mono Bus, 1983 model with Southern Sights livery, Freycinet Peninsula Tasmania. Photo taken mid 1990s.
1983 GM Denning DenAir Mono #4 in Southern Sights livery, Freycinet Peninsula TAS, Mid 1990s.
GM Denning DenAir Mono Bus, 1983 model, original livery with black rear pillars. Photo taken in May 1984 in Melbourne Victoria.
1983 GM Denning DenAir Mono, Driver #4, highlighting original livery, now with black rear pillars, Melbourne VIC, May 1984

This GM Denning DenAir Mono, build number 955, is powered by a GM Detroit Diesel V8 2 stroke engine, 568ci model 8V71, rear mounted in-line, with a 5 speed Fuller constant mesh transmission.

The Story

Denning was Australia’s most successful coach manufacturer from the early 1970s until the early 1990s, with operators nationwide purchasing GM Dennings. They had style, outstanding road performance, durability, reliability and although expensive compared to other vehicles of the day, they were still within reach of many coach operators. It was the coach that a large number of Australian operators aspired to, including Driver Bus Lines.

Founder Alan B Denning started out as a panel beater in 1950 and in 1956 began building bus bodies under the name of A B Denning and Co. Initially Denning built side loader bus bodies and in 1960, the first A B Denning coach body was built. Denning then focussed on chassis conversions with many front engine chassis’ becoming rear engine chassis’ to meet a demand for rear engine coaches that was not satisfied by suppliers at the time.

Denning Highway Traveller bus. Promotional photo taken in the mid 1960s.
Greyhound Australia’s Denning ‘Highway Traveller’ on a Commer chassis with a rear Commer "Knocker" TS3 engine, Brisbane QLD, 1962 (Greyhound promotional photo)
AEC bus with Denning Highway Traveller body, 1962 version, in Greyhound colours.
1962 AEC with Denning Highway Traveller body in Greyhound colours. Picture courtesy of BCSV

In 1962, Denning released its first body-on-chassis coach which it called the Highway Traveller. The Denning Highway Traveller had some subtle styling inspiration from the US 1950s GM PD 4104, which also happened to be called the Highway Traveller. Customers Rex Law of Redline and Russell Penfold of Greyhound had significant design input into the project. In 1960, both travelled to Europe and the USA looking at design trends and both were buyers and supporters of early Denning products.

Although the Highway Traveller was a body-on-chassis, it was not just any chassis but an extensively modified Commer Avenger front engine chassis. A Commer ‘Knocker’ TS3 two stroke diesel engine was fitted to the rear of the chassis, Balmoral Engineering Service in Brisbane extended the chassis wheelbase by 12 inches and increased the front overhang ahead of the front wheels, the gear box was replaced with a shorter model and the differential was turned upside down to accommodate the new rear engine design. The overall length was increased to 34 feet 3 inches and the stylish Denning body had 41 luxury seats and air conditioning. The seed was sown for what was to come.

Bedford SB3 with Denning mid-sixties body (1965 Version)
1965 Bedford SB3 with Denning mid-sixties body. This coach was new to Thomson’s in Melbourne and was acquired from Thomson’s by Driver in 1973 along with a school run.

Denning then further refined and modernised the Highway Traveller into different interperetations that it continued to build until the introduction of its next landmark model.
Trade restrictions with the USA had been lifted in February 1961, allowing Melbourne based Ansett Pioneer to import GM coaches into Australia from the USA, creating a new benchmark for the industry. The GM coaches were a paradigm shift for the Australian coach industry and heralded a new age of modern coach transport in Australia that still holds true today. Queensland coach operators including Skennars, Kirklands, Greyhound and Redline along with coach builder Denning knew that something was needed locally to compete.

Enter the GM Denning Mono!

1966 GM Denning Mono 'Sqaureline' bus. Grenda's bus number 77. Denning Promotional Photo taken in Brisbane QLD in September 1966. Photo courtesy of Paul Wright)
Grenda’s #77 1966 GM Denning Mono ‘Squareline’, the first GM Denning mono coach, Brisbane QLD, September 1966 (Denning promotional photo courtesy of Paul Wright)
Denning Mono Square Line bus. Grenda's. The first GM Denning Mono coach. Photo taken by John Masterton.
Grenda’s #77 1966 GM Denning Mono ‘Square Line’, the first GM Denning mono coach, Melbourne VIC, 1966 (John Masterton photo)

In 1966, Denning’s bold Square Line body-on-chassis design was introduced and in September of that same year, Denning built its first integral coach - the GM Denning Mono, also featuring the Square Line body design. This first GM Denning Square Line mono coach was built for Grenda's in Dandenong, Victoria and it boasted a prominent new styling feature…a raised roof deck-and-a half design which had the benefit of more under floor luggage bin capacity and better passenger vision. With its fluted aluminium panels and GM Detroit Diesel 6V53 power, it was absolutely stunning.

Denning Square Line Buses, 1966 version, Grenda colours.
Left: 1966 Denning Square Line in original Grenda colours. Picture courtesy of BCSV, Right: 1966 Denning Square Line in updated Grenda colours with stainless steel bright trim added. Picture courtesy of BCSV

In 1968, Denning introduced another model series, now often referred to as the Classic series, following on from the early Highway Travellers and the Square Line. It also introduced its second generation GM Denning Mono integral coach which grew rapidly in popularity eclipsing sales of body on chassis models. Alan Denning sold A B Denning and Co to UK firm Leyland in 1969 and Alan then took on the role as Denning’s Managing Director until 1971, only to return again as Managing Director in 1973.

GM Denning Mono bus. Greyhound’s 1968 ‘GM’ coach, Denning promotional photo. Photo taken at Acacia Ridge QLD in 1968.
Greyhound Australia's 1968 ‘GM’ coach, the first of A. B. Denning’s ‘Classic Series’ GM Denning Mono design. Powertrain options were either a GM 6V53 or GM 6V71 with air conditioning and a restroom, Denning promotional photo, Acacia Ridge QLD, 1968
Greyhound Australia advertisement with a 1960s Highway Traveller bus and a 1960s GM Denning Mono bus.
Greyhound Australia advertisement featuring an early 1960s Highway Traveller and a late 1960s GM Denning Mono

The GM Denning Mono was conceived to be a simplified and affordable version of the imported American GMs that Ansett Pioneer purchased during the 1960s. The only visible exterior branding on early edition Denning Monos was GM, which certainly signified its intent and pedigree. After Alan Denning permanently departed A B Denning and Co in 1976, the GM branding was dropped, however the industry always did, and still does, refer to the Mono as the GM Denning.

Denning bus advetisements from the 1970s
Left: Early 1970s brochure picture of a 37 foot Trans Otway GM Denning Right: Mid 1970s brochure picture of a 40 foot APT GM Denning
Denning bus brochure from the early 1970s
Early 1970s brochure picture of the 40 foot GM Denning Mono
Denning Mono bus brochure cover from the early 1970s
Early 1970s brochure picture of the 40 foot GM Denning Mono

The Classic series GM Denning Mono was to become arguably, Denning’s greatest ever design and certainly its longest series in production. This latest GM Denning Mono appeared relatively conservative compared to the Square Line with a smooth, more rounded styling theme and a prominent deck-and-a half design that took inspiration from the imported GM PD 4107. It firmly placed Denning on the map and at the top of most company’s fleet purchase list.

Billed as ‘The Magnificent Australian’ with its large chrome bumpers and high shine stainless steel side panels, the 1971 GM Denning Mono made a strong statement about Denning’s design and the capability of Australia to build world class coaches. It was a true head turner, and commanded attention from the outset.

GM Denning Mono bus, 1978 version
1978 GM Denning Mono, Driver #16, which was an update to the first ‘Classic’ series, Ashburton VIC, 1978. Note: Denning's 37 foot length has slightly wider window pillars than 36 or 40 foot lengths.

After Alan Denning’s departure in 1976, he partnered with Athol McKinnon to create the Denmak coach, a new version of the integral Monocoach. The partnership was short lived but the coach was not. The Denmak became the Domino Tourmaster and later the Austral Tourmaster and was in production for just on 20 years.

The first update of the classic series GM Denning Mono occurred around 1976 when a new forward sloping destination header was introduced, a wider front grille, a 2 piece rear window with a single centre divide replacing the 3 piece rear window, new front and rear aluminium bumpers replacing the large chrome bumpers, elimination of the roof window resulting in a non-see through deck-and-a-half design and full exterior ‘Denning’ only badging.

1978 GM Denning Mono with a 6V71 GM Detroit Diesel engine, filmed in the 1980s at Driver Bus Lines Glen Iris depot Melbourne.
Driver Bus Lines 1978 GM Denning Mono with a 6V71 GM Detroit Diesel engine filmed in the mid-1980s at Glen Iris depot Melbourne. It’s a little blurry and shaky but it’s original footage. The video highlights engine sound, engine brake, dash, interior and cars from the era.

GM Denning Monos were extremely robust with leaf spring suspension, and in the new 3 axle 40 foot configuration, first introduced to Australia by Ansett Pioneer’s imported MCI MC7, the tag or lazy axle was air suspended. By 1978, Denning was offering an air over leaf suspension system which soon gave way to Denning’s first fully air suspended coach – the 1979 GM Denning DenAir Mono. In those days, Denning had the ultimate research and development regime – relentless travel in the remote Australian Outback under the most gruelling conditions imaginable, carried out by Denning’s own engineers. It was this severe testing and its’ on road prowess that earned Denning its reputation for ruggedness and durability.

GM Denning Denair bus (1980 version), Katamatite, Victoria, 1981
1980 GM Denning Denair, the first 40 foot coach in the Driver fleet, Katamatite, VIC January 1981

Also in 1979, Denning released its Denflex ‘chassis-only’ model for other builders to construct bodies on.

Throughout the 70s and 80s, the standard Denning power plant was a GM Detroit Diesel engine, being either a V6 model 6V71 or a V8 model 8V71, usually mated to a Fuller T905D 5 speed transmission. Around 1980, Denning began offering a large V6 GM Detroit Diesel engine in forty foot long coaches, model 6V92TTA as an option to the tried and true V8, model 8V71 engine.

The GM Denning Mono was marketed from 1971 until 1984 when it was replaced by the new, world class Denning Landseer (Please refer to ‘The Story’ section on our 1988 Denning Landseer for the continuing Landseer story). The final interpretation of the GM Denning Mono was perhaps the most notable with the deck-and-a-half roof line being brought further forward than its predecessors, giving quite a distinctive appearance. Other updates included a new dashboard that was to carry over to the Landseer, electric wipers replacing air operated, 4 tail lights instead of 3, a larger windscreen and a new front bumper and grille.

For a full story on the life of Alan Denning, please visit the Bus and Coach Society of Victoria’s web site at bcsv.org.au and click on ‘Buses over the years’.